Joy Stick

Joy Stick Sensor

Ever wonder how the joystick sensor in a controller works? Well, essentially it’s 2 variable resistors (potentiometers) with springs that keep them centered.  This means that we can set them up as voltage dividers and read there positions via an analog input with the Arduino.

This is a very simple tutorial on how to hook up a joystick for the Arduino
1X Arduino Compatible Board
1X Female – Male Jumper Cables
1X Joystick

The Joystick is what I like to call a “compound device” because it has multiple signals on a single device. It can read a X positions (up/down) Y position (side to side) and a button. The position sensors are potentiometer are set up the exact same way. The button is slightly trickier but can easily be handled using an internal pull up resister



We will be ultilizing very basic functions such as digitalWrite, digitalRead, and analogRead



//Defines the 3 device inputs button, Y Axis, X Axis
# define button 8
# define posX A0
# define posY A1

void setup() {
  pinMode(button,INPUT);  //button will read as an input
  digitalWrite(button,HIGH); //ultilizes the arduino internal
                             //pull up resister
  pinMode(posX,INPUT);  //X axis as an input
  pinMode(posY,INPUT);  //Y axis as an input
  Serial.begin(9600);   //set up serial Com


void loop() {
  int ibutton = digitalRead(button);//stores button state
  int iposX = analogRead(posX);//stores X position
  int iposY = analogRead(posY);//stores Y position

  Serial.print("button is ");
  if(ibutton){ //check to see if button is high or low prints appropriately

  Serial.print("X posisition is ");
  Serial.println(iposX);  //prints X position
  Serial.print("Y posisition is ");
  Serial.println(iposY);  //prints Y position

  delay(500);//delay so that the results are readable


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